200 Most Important Objective Question of Modern History | Download PDF

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Subject- Indian History
Topic- Modern History 1857 to 1947
Type- MCQs / FAQs

99% of the failures come from people who have the habit of making excuses. 

– George Washington Carver


Top 200 Objective Question from Modern History for upcoming competitive exams

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200 Questions From Notes

1. Which 'Englishmen was fellow of Gandhiji in South Africa? Polak

2. Who com merited that Cripps Mission was a postdated cheque on a crashing bank? Mahatma Gandhi

3. At which one place did Mahatma Gandhi first start his Satyagraha in India?Champaran in 1917 (against Indigo Plantation)

4. Who was the Afghan ruler of India whose administrative system was emulated by the British? Sher Shah Suri

5. Who organised a Maratha confederacy against the English leading to the Third Anglo Maratha War? The Peshwa

6. By whom was Shuddhi movement (conversion of non-Hindus to Hinduism) started? Swami Dayanand Saraswati

7. "The best and bravest of the military leader of the rebels" about whom was this said by Sir Hugh Rose? Rani of Jhansi

8. During India's Freedom Struggle, which led to the first 'All India Hartal'?Protest against Rowlatt Act in 1919

9. Siraj-ud-daulah was defeated by Lord Clive in which battle? Plassey

10. Under the leadership of which Guru did the Sikh become a political and military force? Guru Gobind Singh

11. Which decisive battle was fought during the Third Carnatic War between the English and the French? Battle of Wandiwash

12. The ruler of which State was removed from power by the British on the protext of misgovernance? Awadh

13. During which reign was the East India Company founded in London? Akbar 

14. Where was Shivaji crowned as an independent king? Raigarh

15. Which saint name is associated with Shivaji? Ram Das

16. By whom was Island of Bombay was given to the English Prince Charles II as

dowry? Portuguese

17. Which first Europeans came to India? Portuguese in 1498 AD

18. During which movement was 'Mahatma' added before Gandhiji's name?Champaran satyagraha (in 1917) 

19. Who was impeached in England for his actions in India? Warren Hastings 

20. Who was the 1st General-Secretary of the INC? Dadabhai Naoroji

21. When was the monopoly of East India Company in trade brought under the control of the British Crown? 1773 A.D.

22. By whom was the Home Rule Movement in India was started? Annie Besant and Tilak

23. After whose name was a women's division of the Indian National Army named? Rani of Jhansi

24. Who started the newspaper "Shome Prakash"? Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

25. Which ruler had granted Diwani to the East India company? Shah Alam II 

26. The Maratha power reached the zenith of its glory during? Shivaji

27. Which Land tenure systems was introduced by Lord Cornwallis? Zamindari 

28. By whom was Swaraj as a national demand first made? Dadabhai Naoroji

29. Who is the author of book 'Glimpses of World History'? Jawaharlal Nehru 

30. Who attended the Second Round Table Conference as the representative of

the Congress? Gandhiji and INC & Ali Jinnah

31. Who did the 1st estimate of national income in India? Dadabhai Naoroji

32. On which date Guru Gobind Singh established Khalsa? 13th Apr 1699

33. The Maratha power reached its zenith during which Peshwaship? Balaji II

34. Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?Lord Chelmsford (in 1919)

35. What was the 1st venture of Gandhiji in all-India politics? Rowlatt Satyagraha

36. During the reign of which Indian National Congress banned and over 1,20,000 persons were arrested?Lord Willingdon

37. Who led the agitation against the Partition of Bengal (1905)?Surendranath Banerjee

38. Who had led the Swadeshi Movement in Delhi? Syed Haider Raza 

39. Who is associated with Tashkent Agreement? Lal Bahadur Shastri

40. In India, where did the Dutch establish their earliest factory? Masulipattanam in 1605 AD

41. Who is the Father of local self government in India? Lord Ripon

42. Who commanded the Maratha army in the third battle of Panipat? Sadashiv Rao Bhau

43. By whom was the practice of Sati was declared illegal? Lord William Bentinck (with Raja Ram Mohan Roy in 1829 AD) 

44. Who was the leader to have the unique distinction of firing the first shot in the rebellion of 1857? Mangal Pande

45. From where did Gandhi start his historic Dandi March? Sabarmati Ashram

46. Who 1st voiced the idea of separate Muslim state in India? Mohammad Iqbal

47. Who was responsible for integration of Indian Princely States? Sardar Patel 

48. Which of the British Officials defeated Portuguese at Sowlley? Thomas Best

49. Which Sikh Guru called himself the 'Sachcha Badshah'? Guru Hargovind 

50. Who was the first Indian to get selected in ICS?Satyendranath Tagore (2nd Indian - Surendranath Bannerjee)

51. Who was the first Governor General of Bengal? Warren Hastings

52. Who was the British PM at the time of Revolt of 1857? Pamstern

53. The Cabinet Mission to India headed by- Lord Pethick Lawrence

54. Who advocated the policy of abolishing princely states in free India?Jawaharlal Nehru 

55. Who was thrice elected President of the INC? Dadabhai Naoroji

56. The English East India Company founded a permanent factory at Surat in which year? 1613

57. Who succeeded Siraj-ud-Daulah as Nawab of Bengal after the Battle of Plassey? Mir Jafar

58. In which year was Vande Mataram first sung at the session of the Indian National Congress? 1896 at Calcutta

59. Which State was first annexed by Lord Dalhousie under the Doctrine of Lapse? Satara in 1858

60. Which leader of the Revolution of 1857 had the real name of Ram Chandra Pandurang? Tatiya Tope

61. From which ruler did Albuquerque capture Goa? Bijapur

62. Which European were the last to come- to pre-independence India as traders? French

63. Who was the 1st Muslim President of INC? Badruddin Tyyabji in 1887

64. Who was the 1st Englishman to preside over a Congress session? George Yule

65. Which Urdu poets was invited, to the Second and Third Round Table Conference? Muhammad Iqbal

66. Which first movement was launched against the British in India? Swadeshi Movement (in 1906)

67. Who was the British Prime Minister at the time of the Second Round Table Conference? Ramsay Macdonald

68. Who was the 1st European to translate the Bhagwad Gita into English?Charles Wilkins

69. By whom was the Asiatic Society established in Calcutta? Sir William Jones

70. Which reformer from Maharashtra was known as Lokhitavadi? Gopal Hari Deshmukh

71. Where was the sepoys revolted openly in 1857? Meerut

72. By whom was the Civil Disobedience Movement led in the North-West Frontier Province? Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

73. During the freedom struggle, who established 'The Deccan Educational Society'? M. G. Ranade

74. With whom was the last opportunity to avoid the partition of India lost?Cabinet Mission

75. What was the original name of Swami Dayananda Saraswati? Mula Shankar

76. Who had started 'Mitra Mela' Association? VD Savarkar

77. Which was a revolutionary who later turned into a yogi and a philosopher?Aurobindo Ghosh

78. With how many volunteers did Gandhiji start on his famous Dandi march on March 12, 1930? 78 trusted volunteers

79. Who opposed Mahatma Gandhi's association with the Khilafat movement? Mohammed Ali Jinnah 

80. Jallianwala Bagh massacre occurred on which date? 13-Apr-1919

81. Who was the Governor General to merge Sindh in British India? Lord Ellenborough

82. In what commodity the English first conducted trade from India? Indigo

83. Raja Rammohan Roy and David Hare were associated with the foundation of which college? Hindu College 

84. Who was the founder of the Radha Swami Satsang? Siva Dayal Saheb

85. Ancient Monuments Preservation Act was passed during? Lord Curzon

86. What are the birth & death years of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar?Birth - 1891, Death - 1956

87. In which year did the Congress loose its monopoly of power in the States for the first time after the elections? 1967

88. By whom was Micheal O' Dwyer who was responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre was shot dead? Udham Singh 1940 in London

89. By whom was the first estimate of national income in India made? Dadabhai Naoroji

90. Which upheaval took place in Bengal immediately after the Revolt of 1857?Indigo Disturbances

91. Which revolt was made famous by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in his novel Anand Math? Sanyasi rebellion

92. By whom was Indian Independence League set up? Rash Behari Bose

93. Quit India Movement started after which proposal? Cripps' proposal

94. Tipu Sultan took support of which power to fight the English? French

95. Who was the successor of Shivaji? Sambhaji

96. Who was the leader of the Young Bengal Movement? Henry Vivian Derozio

97. Who composed the National Anthem? Rabindranath Tagore 

98. On the death of Gandhiji, who said that "The light has gone out of our lives..."? Jawaharlal Nehru

99. Where was Swarajya declared as the goal of the Congress at its session held in 1906? Calcutta

100. Who used the phrase 'Un-British' to criticize the English colonial control of India? Dadabhai Naoroji

101. To whom the credit of discovering the sea route of India goes? Portuguese

102. Who was the first President of the Indian Trade Union Congress in 1920? Lala Lajpat Rai

103. Whose ideas had Influenced Mahatma Gandhi's thought? Tolstoy

104. Who was the first Mughal emperor to allow Britishers to establish trade links with India? Jahangir 

105. Who among the following Governor-Generals formed the Triple Alliance against Tipu Sultan? Lord Cornwallis

106. Who pioneered Khilafat Movement?Ali Brothers

107. Who voted against the partition of India in the A.I.C.C. meeting held on 14 June 1947? Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

108. Which Peshwas was popularly known as Nana Saheb? Balaji Baji Rao

109. Which Maratha Peshwa followed ideal of Hindu Pada-Padshahi?Baji Rao I 

110. By whom was the agitation against the partition of Bengal led? Surendranath Banerjee

111. Against whom did Gandhiji started Satyagraha movement in 1919 in protest? Enactment of Rowlatt Act

112. Which Sikh Guru assumed the title 'Sachcha Badshah'? Guru Teg Bahdur

113. Which Governor General had entertained Ranjit Singh with great honour at Ropar? William Bentick

114. Which leaders took major initiative in the formation of the League of Nations? Franklin Roosevelt

115. The Maratha, confederacy was virtually dissolved after which battle? Third Battle of Panipat

116. Which Indian king requested Napoleon for help to drive the British from India? Tipu Sultan

117. What was the earliest public association formed in the history of modern India in 1837? The Landholder's Society

118. When did the British Govt. start ruling India directly? After Sepoy Mutiny

119. Who recaptured Delhi from the rebels for the British? John Nicholson

120. During the 1857 Revolt who captured Gwalior from the Scindhia? Rani Lakshmibai

121. Who was the first to receive the Nobel prize? Rabindranath Tagore 

122. In the history of the freedom movement of India, the year 1930 is associated with which event? Dandi March

123. Who was the most radia of the Bhakti Saints? Kabir

124. In which year, the Battle of Buxar was fought? 1764

125. Who was the Governor General when the first Anglo- Burmese was started? Lord Amherst

126. Which is the oldest surviving newspaper in India?Bombay Samachar

127. Who remarked 'the bones of the cotton weavers are bleaching the plains of India'? William Bentinck

128. Who founded the Banaras Hindu University? Madan Mohan Malviya

129. Where was the Arya Samaj setup for the first time in 1875? Bombay 

130. Which event was characterised by Montague as 'Preventive Murder'?Massacre of Jallianwala Bagh

131. On which date was Mahatma Gandhi assassinated? 30-Jan-1948

132. Who was the 1st English person who visited the court of Akbar? Ralph Fitch

133. Who was a blind poet who worshipped Krishna and spread Krishna Bhakti cult? Surdas

134. Who said, "Good government was never a good substitute for self government"? Swami Dayananda

135. Who had founded the Theosophical Society in the United States of America? Madame Blavatsky

136. In which year Mahatma Gandhi enter into freedom struggle in India? 1915

137. Who was thrice elected President of the Indian National Congress?Dadabhai Naoroji

138. During whose Viceroyalty, Queen Victoria was crowned with 'Kaiser-i Hind' in Delhi Durbar? Lord Lytton 

139. Who was the political guru of Gandhiji? Gopal Krishna Gokhale

140. To which battle of the beginning of the British political sway over India can be traced? Plassey

141. The final defeat of the Maratha Confederacy came during the time of which governor? Warren Hastings

142. Who streamlined the Maratha administration after Shambhaji? Raja Ram 

143. During the Mughal period which trader first came to-India? Portuguese

144. The First Anglo-Burmese War was concluded by a treaty Which is that?Treaty of Yandaboo 

145. In which movements Vande Mataram was adopted as a slogan for agitation? Partition of Bengal in 1905 

146. Who united all the Sikhs and founded a kingdom in the Punjab? Maharaja Ranjit Singh

147. Who was the founder of the Muslim League in India? Nawab Salimulla

148. Under which system of assessment, the British Government collected revenue directly from the farmers? Ryotwari

149. When was the decimal system of currency introduced in India? 1957

150. Where was the first Indian university opened in 1857? Calcutta

151. Who was named as Mira Ben by Mahatma Gandhi? Madeline Slade

152. The Governor General of Kolkata William became the Governor General of India under which Charter Act- 1833

153. By whom was the All India Muslim League founded? Agha Khan

154. In city was the East India Association founded by Dadabhai Naoroji in 1866? London

155. The title of Governor-General was changed to that of Viceroy in which year? 1858 A.D.

156. Which rulers fought the fourth Anglo-Mysore in which he was killed? Tipu Sultan

157. Which Englishmen was honoured by Jahangir with the title of 'Khan'? William Hawkins

158. Who started Public Works Department in India in AD 1848? Lord Dalhousie 

159. By whom was 1st English newspaper in India started? Rabindranath Tagore

160. Who was involved in the Alipore Bomb case? Aurobindo Ghosh

161. On whom was the title 'Punjab Kesari' was conferred? Lala Lajpat Rai

162. In whom did the Government of India Act, 1935 veste the residuary power? Governor-General

163. Tipu Sultan died fighting English forces under? Lord Cornwallis

164. Who was the first lady to preside over the Congress? Annie Besant 

165. By whom was the slogan 'Inquilab Zinda bad first raised? Bhagat Singh

166. Who was called by the British rulers as the leader of Indian unrest? Bal Gangadhar Tilak

 167. Who said, "God helps those who help themselves"? Swami Vivekananda

168. Who Gandhian follower was a teacher by profession? J. B. Kriplani

169. Who conceived the idea of Pakistan? Chowdhary Rahmat Ali

170. By whom the Mahatma Gandhi was referred to 'Father of the Nation' first? Subhash Chandra Bose

171. Where was the All India Muslim League formed in 1906? Dacca

172. Who laid foundations of Portuguese power in India? Alfonso de Albuquerque

173. In 1757, By whom was the Siraj-ud-daula defeated? Clive

174. According to the Govt. of India Act of 1935, India had been divided into how many provinces? 11

175. Why is the date April 6, 1930 known in Indian History? Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi

176. Who was the only Viceroy to be assassinated in India? Lord Mayo

177. Who had called SC Bose as 'Desh Nayak'? Rabindranath Tagore

178. During which Viceroy system of budget was introduced in India? Canning 

179. By whom was the Doctrine of Lapse introduced? Lord Dalhousie

180. Who founded the 'East India Association'? Dadabhai Naoroji

181. Who popularised the theory of 'Arctic Region' as the original home of Aryans? B. G. Tilak

182. Ram Prasad Bismil was associated with? Kakori Conspiracy Case

183. Which was the first fort constructed by the British in India? Fort St. George

184. Who annulled the Partition of Bengal? Lord Hardinge

185. With which did the Civil Disobedience Movement in India commence? The Dandi March

186. Which struggley of Mahatma Gandhi was related to Industrial worker? Ahmedabad Struggle

187. Who was associated with Kakori Conspiracy case? Ashfaqulla Khan

188. By which peshwa was Treaty of Bassein signed with the British? Baji Rao

189. Who was called as 'Father of Indian Renaissance'? Raja Ram Mohan Roy

190. Who were the first Europeans to set up sea trade centres in India? The Portuguese

191. Who was the founder of the autonomous state of Awadh? Saadat Khan

192. Who was the Governor - general of the second battle of Anglo-Mysore?Warren Hastings

193. Who betrayed Siraj-ud-Daulah in the battle of Plassey in 1757? Mir Zafar

194. Between who was the Battle of Plassey fought? Siraj-ud-Daulah and Robert Clive

195. In which battle did the British completely defeated the French? Battle of Vandivash

196. Who was the founder of 'Arya Samaj'? Dayanand Saraswati

197. Who founded the Ramkrishna Mission? Vivekanand

198. Who is known as the 'Paigambar of New India'? Raja Rammohan Roy 

199. Who was the founder of 'Prayer Society'? Atmaram Pandurang

200. Who established the 'Asiatic Society' in Kolkata of the colorized India?William Jones

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